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How to pray Jummah Prayer

Jummah Prayer:


Jummah, or Friday prayer, is the congregational prayer (Salah) that Muslims hold every Friday, just after noon, in the place of Dhuhr. It is considered one of the most important elements of the Islamic faith and has been ordained in the Qur'an. The Jummah prayer is an obligation that is required of all adult male Muslims and is to be performed in congregation, usually at a mosque. 

The Jummah prayer consists of the Khutbah (sermon) and the Salah (prayer). The prayer itself is shorter than the usual Dhuhr prayer, involving only two Rak’ahs, whereas Dhuhr has four.

Before the prayer, a sermon is delivered by the Imam, or prayer leader, who stands on the minbar (a pulpit) and addresses the congregation. The sermon serves as spiritual and moral guidance for Muslims, often covering various topics from the Qur'an and Hadiths and contemporary issues relevant to the Muslim community.

The Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) said: "The five daily prayers, and from one Jummah to the next, are an expiation for whatever sins come in between, so long as one does not commit any major sin." (Sahih Muslim). This highlights the importance of the Jummah prayer in the spiritual life of a Muslim.

Women, children, the sick, travelers, and others not required to attend the congregational prayer may still choose to attend the Jummah prayer for its blessings, or they can pray Dhuhr Salah at home as usual.

However, it's important to remember that due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, many countries and localities have specific rules and guidelines for public gatherings, including religious services. Therefore, the arrangements for Jummah prayer may vary depending on local regulations. Always follow local public health guidelines when considering attending communal prayers.


Virtues of Jummah Prayer: -


Jummah, or Friday prayer, holds a special place in Islam. It is the best day of the week, with numerous virtues and rewards. Here are some of the virtues of the Jummah prayer:

1. The Best Day of the Week: The Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) said, "The best day on which the sun has risen is Friday; on it, Adam was created, on it he was admitted to Paradise, and on it, he was expelled from it." (Sahih Muslim)

2. A Day of Eid: Jummah is also considered a day of celebration (Eid) in Islam. It is a day of gathering for Muslims where they can meet, pray in congregation, listen to the Khutbah (sermon), and benefit from the spiritual and social aspects of the community.

3. Greater Reward for Good Deeds: Good deeds performed on Friday, including charity, recitation of the Qur'an, Dhikr (remembrance of Allah), and making Dua (supplications), are rewarded more than the same deeds performed on other days of the week.

4. Expiation of Sins: The Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) said, "The five daily prayers, and from one Jummah to the next, are an expiation for whatever sins come in between, so long as one does not commit any major sin." (Sahih Muslim)

5. A Day of Remembrance: Jummah is a day of remembrance of Allah and seeking knowledge. The sermon (Khutbah) provides spiritual and moral guidance and allows Muslims to gain beneficial knowledge.

6. An Opportunity for Forgiveness: There is a period on Friday during which all Duas (supplications) are accepted. The Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) said, "On (the day of) Jummah is an hour during which Allah gives to a Muslim servant standing in prayer whatever he asks for." (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Jummah prayer is a highly virtuous act of worship in Islam, with many benefits and rewards. It is a time for Muslims to come together in unity, to learn, to worship, and to seek the mercy and blessings of Allah.


Recommended acts of Worship: -


There are various recommended acts of worship (Sunnah) that Muslims are encouraged to perform, particularly on special occasions like the day of Jummah (Friday), but also generally throughout their daily lives. Here are some of them:

1. Ghusl (Ritual Bath): It is recommended to perform a full-body purification ritual before attending the Jummah prayer. This ensures physical cleanliness, a crucial aspect of Islamic prayer.

2. Wearing Nice Clothes and Using Perfume: It is also recommended to wear the best clothes for the Jummah prayer and, if possible, to use perfume. This is part of honoring the sanctity of the day.

3. Reading Surah Al-Kahf: The Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) recommended the recitation of Surah Al-Kahf (Chapter 18 of the Qur'an) on Fridays. This can be done any time between the break of dawn on Friday and the break of dawn on Saturday.

4. Early Arrival for Jummah Prayer: Going early to the Mosque for Jummah prayer is highly recommended. The earlier one goes, the greater the reward.

5. Making Lots of Dua (Supplication): There is an "hour" (period) on Friday when all supplications are accepted. The exact timing of this hour is unknown, but it is thought to be sometime in the afternoon, possibly after Asr prayer or just before Maghrib.

6. Sending Blessings Upon the Prophet Muhammad: It is recommended to send blessings (Salawat) upon the Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) on Fridays, as this act has great rewards.

7. Giving Sadaqah (Charity): Giving in charity is always recommended, especially on Fridays. It can be in the form of money, food, clothing, or even a kind act.

8. Engaging in Dhikr (Remembrance of Allah): Engaging in the remembrance of Allah throughout the day, such as by saying Subhanallah (Glory be to Allah), Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah), Allahu Akbar (Allah is the Greatest), Astaghfirullah (I seek Allah's forgiveness) is highly recommended.

9. Seeking Knowledge: Listening to the Jummah Khutbah (sermon), reading Islamic books, and seeking knowledge, in general, are highly recommended.

10. Fasting: Although not specific to Fridays, it is a Sunnah to fast on Thursdays and Mondays, and it is also recommended to fast on the white days (13th, 14th, and 15th of each lunar month), which often fall on or around Fridays.

These acts of worship are recommended and greatly rewarded, but they are not obligatory. The obligatory act on Friday is to perform the Jummah prayer in the congregation if possible. As always, the intention behind these actions should be to seek the pleasure of Allah.


How to Pray Jummah Prayer step by step:-


The Jummah prayer is obligatory for all adult male Muslims, replacing the Dhuhr prayer on Fridays. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to perform the Jummah prayer:

1. Preparation: Perform Ghusl (ritual bath), if possible, and wear clean clothes. It is Sunnah (recommended) to use perfume and to wear your best clothes on this day. Make your way to the mosque early if possible; as the Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) said, "When it is a Friday, the angels stand at the gate of the mosque and keep on writing the names of the persons coming to the mosque in succession according to their arrivals." (Sahih Bukhari)

2. Sunnah Prayers Before Jummah: When you arrive at the mosque, it is recommended to perform two Rak’ahs or four Rak’ahs of voluntary prayer as a greeting to the mosque (Tahiyyat al-Masjid).

3. Listen to the Khutbah (Sermon): The Imam will deliver two sermons from the Minbar (pulpit). Listening attentively to the Khutbah is essential, which usually contains beneficial reminders and lessons. Engaging in other activities, including praying Sunnah prayers or talking, is discouraged while the Khutbah is being delivered.

4. The Jummah Prayer: After the conclusion of the second Khutbah, the Imam will lead the congregation in a two Rak’ah prayers. Follow the Imam as you would in any other congregational prayer.

·         In the first Rak’ah, after Surah Al-Fatiha, the Imam may recite verses from Surah Al-A'la or another passage from the Qur'an. Follow silently.

·         You will then go into Ruku (bowing) and Sujood (prostration) as guided by the Imam.

·         In the second Rak’ah, after Surah Al-Fatiha, the Imam may recite verses from Surah Al-Ghashiya or another passage from the Qur'an. Follow silently and continue the prayer as usual, completing it with Tashahhud and Tasleem (saying "Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah" to the right and then to the left).

5. Sunnah Prayers After Jummah: After the obligatory Jummah prayer, you may choose to pray four Rak’ahs or two Rak’ahs of Sunnah prayer at the mosque or home.

6. Du'a (Supplication): After the Jummah prayer, it is an excellent time to make Du'a, as Friday is a blessed day, and Du'as made on this day are more likely to be accepted.

This guide is based on the common practice and traditions of many Muslims.


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